City data: pilot project

Asthma and COPD hospitalizations by city

The city level, sub-county indicators for this pilot project include three Minnesota mid-sized cities located outside of the metropolitan area. Available city-level health outcomes include asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for Duluth, Rochester and St. Cloud. City rates are measured by combining zip codes defined by local public health. These data are compared to state rates and to respective county area rates (the county geographical area that remains outside of the city).

Asthma is one of the most common lifelong health conditions affecting close to 400,000 Minnesotans. This widespread lung disease causes muscle contraction of the airways making it difficult to breathe. A variety of factors can trigger asthma including viral infections, air pollution, allergens, and tobacco smoke. During an asthma episode, the lining of the airways becomes inflamed and fills with mucus. Swelling of these airways can lead to repeated episodes of wheezing, breathlessness and coughing especially at night.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a group of lung diseases that makes it difficult to breathe. Other names for COPD include emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Smoking is the leading cause of COPD and other risk factors are long-term workplace exposures to certain environmental lung irritants and genetics. COPD rates increase with age and nearly 10% of Minnesotans aged 65 and older have the disease. In 2017, 4.4% of Minnesota adults reported COPD compared to 6.4% nationally.

View city data

City asthma hospital rates compared to the state
City asthma ED rates compared to the state
City COPD hospital rates compared to the state

Related links

Asthma hospitalizations map, statewide by county and metro only by zipcode

COPD hospitalization map, statewide by county and metro only by zipcode