Health inequities in childhood asthma
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Poverty compared to the state as a whole
There are many social and economic inequities that contribute to health, like income and housing. How do health outcomes like visiting the emergency room for an asthma attack differ based on the poverty level of the person’s area (county or neighborhood), and how do these differences compare to the state as a whole?
Using data from the U.S. Census Bureau, we compared the poverty level in each county to the poverty level in Minnesota to determine if it had significantly different poverty than the state as a whole. We categorized each county as lower than Minnesota, the same as Minnesota, or higher than Minnesota. Learn more about the health equity data.
Emergency department visits for asthma
A person with asthma may need to go to the emergency department (also called the ED, emergency room or ER) if they have an asthma attack that is severe or will not respond to quick-relief medicines like a rescue inhaler.
Childhood asthma emergency department visits, by poverty level
In the state as a whole, the rate of asthma emergency department (ED) visits was about 57.6 per 10,000 children under 18 years for this same time period as the chart above (2015-2017).
Rates of asthma ED visits are two times higher among kids that live in counties with higher-than-average poverty compared to the state’s poverty level as a whole.
For comparison, 13.4% of children under 18 years lived in poverty in Minnesota for this time period (2017 American Community Survey 5-year estimates). The 90% confidence interval for the Minnesota average was 13.1 – 13.7%.
Poverty & race
Children of color and American Indian children are more likely to be living in poverty than white children.
According to MDH’s 2017 Minnesota statewide health assessment, Minnesota children of color or children that identify as American Indian are 3 to 5 times more likely to be living in poverty than white children.
Children living in poverty in Minnesota, by race and ethnicity
- View more data on asthma emergency department visits
- To view asthma data for your county and see how it compares to Minnesota’s statewide average, see our asthma hospitalizations map
- To view poverty data for your county, see our map of poverty in Minnesota counties
- Health inequities in childhood lead exposure
- Minnesota traffic exposure, by poverty rate
- Annual elevated blood lead levels