Adolescent immunizations

Percent of Minnesota adolescents, immunized with:

Protect adolescents through immunization

The percentage of adolescents who have received recommended immunizations is called the "coverage rate." Adolescents age 11 to 12 years are recommended to get three vaccines:

  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, which protects against cancers caused by HPV.
  • Meningococcal (MenACWY) vaccine, which protects against meningococcal disease.
  • Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (Tdap) vaccine, which offers protection against pertussis, also called whooping cough. Adolescents need this dose because protection from pertussis received in childhood vaccines decreases as they get older.


In order to protect the population from vaccine-preventable disease, Healthy People 2020 Immunization and Infectious Diseases goals call for 80 percent coverage among adolescents age 13 to 15 years for these three vaccines.

Adolescents age 16 years are recommended to receive a meningococcal conjugate (MenACWY) booster dose and talk with their health care provider if they should get meningococcal B (MenB) vaccine.

Late or missed vaccines can put adolescents at higher risk of catching diseases that can make them very sick or lead to poor health outcomes in the future like cancer. State-level immunization rates are also available from the CDC's National Immunization Survey (NIS) at TeenVaxView. For more information on how adolescent immunization rates from MIIC compare to NIS coverage estimates, see Adolescent Immunization Rates.

Routinely Recommended Vaccines

11 - 12 year old vaccine platform Recommended dose(s) before 19 years

Human papillomavirus (HPV)

2 or 3*

Meningococcal conjugate (MenACWY)

1

Tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis (Tdap)

1

16 year old vaccine platform Recommended dose(s) before 17 years

Meningococcal conjugate (MenACWY)

1

Meningococcal B (MenB)

Recommended for individuals in consultation with a clinician

2 or 3**

Notes:
*Adolescents younger than age 15 years are recommended to receive 2 doses of vaccine. Immunocompromised adolescents at any age are recommended to receive 3 doses.
**Men B vaccine is recommended for adolescents aged 16 – 23 years. The preferred age range to receive this vaccine is 16 – 18 years. The number of doses depends on the vaccine product and special health and situation considerations.

   

Adolescent immunization in Minnesota

Percent of Minnesota 13-year-olds immunized with the 11-12 year old vaccine platform*

 
 

 

Notes:

Source: 2019 Minnesota Immunization Information Connection (MIIC)

*MIIC-based immunization rates

Platform includes: Tdap, MenAWCY, and HPV Series Completion. The Healthy People 2020 goal for these vaccines is 80 percent of adolescents age 13-15 years receiving one or more doses of Tdap, one dose of MenACWY vaccine, and completing the HPV vaccine series.

 

Most adolescents are getting vaccinated on-time with Tdap and MenACWY vaccines, but only 52% are starting the HPV series. Only 24% of adolescent receive all recommended doses of Tdap, MenACWY and HPV vaccines.


Percent of Minnesota 19-year-olds immunized with the 16 year old vaccine platform*

 
 

Source: 2019 Minnesota Immunization Information Connection (MIIC)

*MIIC-based immunization rates

 

Many older adolescents are not getting vaccinated on-time with menigococcal vaccines. In 2019, 51% of adolescents received the MenAWCY booster dose by age 19 years. Only about 9% initiated the menigococcal B vaccine series.